My country, Cyprus, became an independent state in 1960 after the 1955-1959 armed struggle of the Greek Cypriots against the British colonial rule. As of May 1, 2004, Cyprus is a member state of the European Union. Cyprus is also a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the British Commonwealth.
In setting up the Republic of Cyprus, the British intended to accomplish three things :
This Constitution (or rather the Treaties which prescribed it in detail) was, of course, by design non-functional and negotiations to amend it in 1963 failed, leading to a Turkey-incited mutiny by Turkish Cypriots who ceased participating in state affairs and functions and barricaded themselves in enclaves they created in Nicosia and other cities. Over the following decade, Turkey's continuing reluctance to come to an agreement, along with the rapid alienation between Greek and Turkish Cypriots, saw the gradual strategic positioning of Turkey to grab whatever opportunity would arise to capture Cyprus.
INVASION, OCCUPATION, COLONIZATION
This opportunity came on July 20, 1974, with the then mainland Greek military junta's failed coup against Cyprus President Archbishop Makarios. Turkey invaded Cyprus with 40.000 troops and U.S.-supplied arms and equipment, and by mid-August had essentially partitioned the island, having captured 35% of the land in the north. This resulted in 200.000 Greek Cypriots becoming refugees in their own country, leaving their homes and belongings, and never again being allowed to return. After the executions and the rapes came the looting and the ravaging of the land, of houses, shops, factories, hotels, and public buildings. The churches and monasteries were looted and then turned to stables, or converted to mosques, or burned. Soon after, Turkey proceeded to colonize the occupied areas by bringing 120.000 settlers from the depths of mainland Turkey, giving them the homes and property of Greek Cypriot refugees, and altering the demographic characteristics of the country by claiming the settlers to be Turkish Cypriots. However, this had an undesirable effect on all of us, because real Turkish Cypriots, being more Cypriots than they are Turks, having a radically different culture than the settlers, were unable to live together with them and were driven to emigrate from Cyprus by the thousands. In 1974 there were 118.000 Turkish Cypriots living in the occupied area of Cyprus ... now they are a minority of 88.000! Turkey is grossly guilty of colonization. Colonization is a war crime.
THE ANNAN PLAN : CLOSING vs SOLVING
On 24 April 2004, the Cypriots voted in a referendum whether to accept a settlement plan engineered by United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan under the guidance of Britain and the USA. The plan provided for the foundation of a loose federation between the legitimate Republic of Cyprus and the illegal puppet "state" formed by Turkey in the occupied areas of the island. The Annan Plan provides for the return of about 9% territory to the Republic of Cyprus over a 3-year period, in exchange for a 50-50 "federation" with the settlers from Turkey and the outnumbered turkish cypriots. The Annan Plan also provides for some territory currently held by the British to be returned to both ethnic "states" in exchange for British rights to the Cyprus continental shelf. However, most key issues of the Annan Plan were never resolved or even negotiated, and Annan, as an "arbitrator", wrote in what the powers that be dictated to him. This resulted in a plan that, contrary to UN resolutions of the past 30 years, legitimizes the Turkish invasion of 1974, the occupation, the colonization and all repercussions over the years. The plan reads as a shocking list of the shameful provisions that ....
The plan pretends to be "re-uniting" the island but in truth it provides for the deepening of the division of the people of Cyprus by ...
The Annan Plan was designed to be implemented before Cyprus joined the EU on 1/5/2004. This is largely because a huge number of provisions which contravened human rights and the European aquis communitaire could not possibly be accepted by a member state of the EU such as Cyprus is today. Turkey is now occupying European Union territory, and it must soon answer for it.
Unfortunately for all Cypriots, the Annan Plan was designed to close the Cyprus problem rather than solve it. And it did so by giving Turkey what it has always been asking for : another step towards partitioning of the island, via a "new" country that appears "united" to outsiders but is sharply ethnically divided internally. For the Cypriots living on their island, Annan has envisaged a future of division and total control by Turkey. The bottom line is that the plan does not allow the Cypriots to build their future as single country but only as Turkey, Britain and the USA want.
The Annan plan was overwhelmingly rejected by the Greek Cypriots (76%) as one that is dangerous, divisive, non viable, disgraceful, and utterly unjust.
THE FUTURE OF CYPRUS
Efforts to reach a settlement will
continue, and it will now be more difficult, to say the least, for a plan as
disgraceful as Annan's to be tabled mainly due to Cyprus being a member of the
EU. Nevertheless, the way remains clear for Turkey, when the next opportunity crops up,
to cause more bloodshed and greater injustice. Meanwhile, my country remains divided, occupied, and at grave risk of being totally overrun by Turkey's
40.000 occupation army. Even if a settlement is ever reached, I am certain that it will be imposed on the Cypriots
(referendums don't produce desired results when injustice is the objective),
it will violate the International Human Rights, and it will not
be viable or sensible. It will, however, clearly, fully, and unalterably serve the purposes of the British, the U.S.A. and Turkey!
Three key questionsWill the Cypriots ever be allowed to control their own destiny?
Will Turkey ever stop trying to capture Cyprus?
Will justice for Cyprus ever be more important than Turkey for Britain and the U.S.A.?
Will Cyprus ever be free?
Οι αθάνατες μορφές των ηρωομαρτύρων που έπεσαν στον αγώνα για την ελευθερία.
Τραγούδια της Λευτεριάς
Αποσπάσματα από τα καλύτερα τραγούδια για τους αγώνες της Κύπρου για λευτεριά.
Η 9η Ιουλίου 1821
Η θυσία του Εθνομάρτυρα Αρχιεπισκόπου Κυπριανού και των άλλων Δεσποτάδων μέσα από το ποίημα του Βασίλη Μιχαηλίδη.
Να δεις τι σούχω για μετά
Το μέλλον της Κύπρου μας, όπως το θέλουν οι άλλοι.
Ο Αγώνας στο Internet
Αλλες πηγές για την απελευθέρωση της Κύπρου στο Internet.